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Which Turkey To Buy
Use A Meat Thermometer
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When the Turkey reaches 165-170
Heritage Turkey 155-160
in the turkey’s thigh, the Turkey is done.

Please use a Meat Thermometer

Cooking thermometers take the guesswork out of cooking, as they measures the internal temperature of your cooked turkey to assure that a safe temperature has been reached. Cooking times are just estimate and every oven cooks different. 

Where to Insert
To be an accurate indicator, a meat thermometer must be inserted properly. Insert it in the inner thigh area near the breast of the bird, but not touching bone.  Watch Video how to insert Thermometer

Which Type to Buy
Oven-Safe Thermometer
This food thermometer is designed to remain in the food while it is cooking in the oven. This food thermometer is convenient because it constantly shows the temperature of the food while it is cooking. However, if not left in the food while cooking, they can take as long as 1 to 2 minutes to register the correct temperature.
Instant Read Thermometers
This food thermometer quickly measures the temperature of a food in about 15 to 20 seconds. It is not designed to remain in the food while it is cooking in the oven, but should be used near the end of the estimated cooking time to check for final cooking temperatures. To prevent overcooking, check the temperature before the food is expected to finish cooking.
Oven Cord Thermometers
This food thermometer allows you to check the temperature of food in the oven without opening the oven door. A base unit with a digital screen is attached to a thermistor-type food thermometer probe by a long metal cord. The probe is inserted into the food, and the cord extends from the oven to the base unit. The base can be placed on the counter or attached to the stovetop or oven door by a magnet. The thermometer is programmed for the desired temperature and beeps when it is reached.

Be careful using an oven cord thermometer. You do not need to open the oven door to check it. Every time you open the door of the oven, the cooking time can increase. The turkey might be done faster then expected.
Pop-Up Timers
The "pop-up" style disposable cooking device is constructed from a food grade nylon. Inside there is a spring that is held down by an epoxy. This epoxy melts somewhere in the neighborhood of 180 degrees, thus releasing the spring and the timer “pops up”. The biggest problem with these things is that they are always inserted into the breast meat. The white meat will be dry when it reaches 180.

So instead we recommend using any of the other thermometers, instead of the pop-up timer.  The other thermometers are better for two reasons, first you don’t have to open the oven door to see if the pop-up timer, popped. Second, you can know exactly when the meat is done without overcooking it. However make sure you do NOT remove the pop-up timer or you will create a nice hole in your turkey for juices to escape.

Watch how to insert Thermometer